Evidence-Based Practices

The following resources were developed by TRIAD consultants and provide information for promoting evidence-based practices. An intervention is an evidence-based practice when there is scientific evidence to support its claims.

If you need materials in an accessible format, please contact kc@vumc.org or call (615) 322-8240.

Tips and Resources for Educators

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A schedule is an ordered list of specific activities to be completed during a given time period. Schedules are considered an antecedent-based intervention, which is an evidence-based practice for autistic students that “include a variety of modifications that are made to the environment/context in an attempt to change or shape a learner’s behavior.” (Steinbrenner et al. 63).

Types of Schedules:

   View or download "An Overview of Schedules - Written" in PDF Format
   View or download "An Overview of Schedules - Photo" in PDF Format
   View or download "An Overview of Schedules - Line Drawings" in PDF Format

First-then boards are a visual support that incorporate reinforcement, which is an evidence-based practice for autistic students. Reinforcement is defined as “application of consequence that happens after a skill or behavior occurs that increases the learner’s use of the skill or behavior in a future situation.” (Steinbrenner et al., 112). First-then boards are based on the principle of positive reinforcement, in which reinforcement is provided to an individual or a small group to increase a desired behavior.

   View or download "An Overview of First–Then Board" in PDF Format

Choice boards are a form of visual support, which is an evidence-based practice for autistic students. Visual supports are defined as a “visual display that supports the learner in engaging in a desired behavior or skills independent of additional prompts.” (Steinbrenner et al, 29)

   View or download "An Overview of Choice Boards" in PDF Format

Token boards are an intervention that incorporate reinforcement, which is an evidence-based practice for autistic students. Reinforcement is defined as “application of consequence that happens after a skill or behavior occurs that increases the learner’s use of the skill or behavior in future situation.” (Steinbrenner et al., 112). Token boards are based on the principle of positive reinforcement, in which reinforcement is given to an individual or a small group to increase a desired behavior.

   View or download "An Overview of Token System" in PDF Format


Tips and Resources for Caregivers

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These resources were made available at no cost through the Tennessee Department of Education, Tennessee Technical Assistance Network.



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